A COUNTRY OF INDEPENDENT NOMADS IS BECOMING URBAN
In the 11th century, Mongolia conquered and ruled almost all of Asia and a lot of Europe, under the great warrior king Genghis Khan and his descendants. 900 years later, the Mongols are still a tough, fiercely independent people, though their empire has shrunk back down to only Mongolia, a beautiful country of mountains and vast open spaces, where tribes of nomadic Buddhist herdsmen still graze their cattle. But the country is changing fast.
With the collapse of the communist system, state-run factories which used to build housing for their workers have shut down, creating wide-scale unemployment and housing problems. The state can no longer maintain that housing, and the only new housing being developed by the private sector is unaffordable to the poor majority. It’s clear that Mongolia’s society is having a hard time coping with this sudden and jarring transition from a socialist system, in which the state provided for everyone, to a capitalist system, in which it’s every man for himself.
With unemployment and over-grazing in rural areas, more and more people are moving into the cities in search of a living, and a country of nomads is fast becoming urban. Nearly half of the country’s 2.7 million inhabitants now live in the capitol city of Ulaanbaatar, and of these, more than 60% live in poverty in the vast, unserviced informal settlements which ring the city, called ger areas. In the provinces and districts around the country, 80 - 100% of the people live in such ger areas.
Mongolia Update December 2014
All the latest ACCA stat.s from Mongolia
Where the sale of the problem is small enough to be solvable
Coming out from behind the fences
New NationalHousing improvement loan fund set up ….
Turning ger area upgrading by people into POLICY
Community mapping in Erdenet
2 page extract on the above topics from ACCA 5 Year Report
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