Academic Articles
Baan Mankong: going to scale with “slum” and squatter upgrading in Thailand Somsook Boonyabancha
CITY-WiIDE UPGRADING: SUMMARY: This paper describes the ambitious national slum and squatter upgrading programme launched by the Thai government in 2003 and imple- mented through the Community Organizations Development Institute (CODI). The programme centres on providing infrastructure subsidies and housing loans to low-income communities to support upgrading in situ wherever possible and, if not, to develop new homes close by. Support is provided not only to commu- nity organizations formed by the urban poor for projects but also to their networks, to allow them to work with city authorities and other local actors and with national agencies on city-wide upgrading programmes. It seeks to “go to scale “ by supporting thousands of community-driven initiatives within city- wide programmes designed and managed by urban poor networks working in partnership with local actors. The paper gives some background information about CODI and its predecessor the Urban Community Development Office, before describing the national upgrading programme. APRIL 2005 PDF 851 KBS
The Urban Poor Development Fund in Cambodia: supporting local and citywide development. SOMSAK PHONPHAKDEE, SOK VISAL AND GABRIELA SAUTER
ABSTRACT Following the Pol Pot era in Cambodia, the high levels of poverty, rapid urban growth and low level of community organization were exacerbated by an absence of government support for the poor. The Urban Poor Development Fund (UPDF) was established in 1998 to provide support to a growing number of community-based savings groups. It provides loans and grants for land acquisition, upgrading, house building, income generation and food production, but also gives community savings groups the chance to improve their knowledge, their confidence and their capacity; most critically, it supports them to develop better relations with government agencies. By April 2008, 122 communities in Phnom Penh and 44 communities in 11 other cities had received support – more than 22,000 households in total. KEYWORDS Cambodia / community-based / housing / local organization / Phnom Penh / savings groups / upgrading / urban poor. Oct 2009 PDF 17 pages 129 KBs
Cambodia 2001: Negotiating the Right to Stay in the City - ACHR
SUMMARY: This paper describes a joint programme in Phnom Penh involving the municipality, a local NGO and a federation of the urban poor together with support from UN–Habitat and the Asian Coalition for Housing Rights. The programme sought to influence change in the city and to explore ways of manag- ing processes more effectively and equitably. Research was undertaken to under- stand local development forces and trends as they directly affected the poorest, and results were shared among communities, academics, professionals and officials. The paper explains how this shared information led to active training through pilot community upgrades and city-wide settlement planning, contributing to policy change and illustrating an alternative and participatory governance system for the city. 2004 19 pages 214 Kb
Establishing the role of communities in governance: the experience of the Homeless People’s Federation Philippines Sandra Yu and Anna Marie Karaos
SUMMARY: This paper describes the achievements of the Homeless People’s Federation Philippines (HPFP), a network of community-based savings groups that works towards securing land tenure, upgrading settlements and improving the economic status of its members. The groups use savings not only as a strategy for financing their investments but also as a social mechanism to mobilize communities, promote learning and the development of support systems, and open up the potential for new kinds of partnership with local government. By 2003, this community-driven initiative had 39,000 members nationwide, in groups that, increasingly, have been able to engage proactively with government to address their land and shelter needs. 2004 13 pages
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