In the 11th century, Mongolia conquered and ruled almost all of Asia and a lot of Europe, under the great warrior king Genghis Khan and his descendants. 900 years later, the Mongols are still a tough, fiercely independent people, though their empire has shrunk back down to only Mongolia, a beautiful country of mountains and vast open spaces, where tribes of nomadic Buddhist herdsmen still graze their cattle. But the country is changing fast.
With the collapse of the communist system, state-run factories which used to build housing for their workers have shut down, creating wide-scale unemployment and housing problems. The state can no longer maintain that housing, and the only new housing being developed by the private sector is unaffordable to the poor majority. It’s clear that Mongolia’s society is having a hard time coping with this sudden and jarring transition from a socialist system, in which the state provided for everyone, to a capitalist system, in which it’s every man for himself.
With unemployment and over-grazing in rural areas, more and more people are moving into the cities in search of a living, and a country of nomads is fast becoming urban. Nearly half of the country’s 2.7 million inhabitants now live in the capitol city of Ulaanbaatar, and of these, more than 60% live in poverty in the vast, unserviced informal settlements which ring the city, called ger areas. In the provinces and districts around the country, 80 - 100% of the people live in such ger areas.
Mongolia Update December 2014
All the latest ACCA stat.s from Mongolia
Where the sale of the problem is small enough to be solvable
Coming out from behind the fences
New NationalHousing improvement loan fund set up ….
Turning ger area upgrading by people into POLICY
Community mapping in Erdenet
2 page extract on the above topics from ACCA 5 Year Report
As we construct the NEW ACHR website we will add more information on each country. For now please consider the Country Library section below where PDF downloads with copious information is available.
Country Library Mongolia
PEOPLE-DRIVEN UPGRADING POLICY NEWS from MONGOLIA Oct 2014
Almost 60% of the population in Mongolia's capitol city Ulaanbaatar live in the squalid, unplanned, polluted and unserviced ger areas that sprawl like a vast carpet across the hills and empty land around the city. In smaller towns and villages, the figure climbs to 80-90% of the population. But even though a hefty majority of Mongolians now live in these informal settlements, neither the national government nor the various local government agencies have paid much attention to the problems in ger areas in their constituencies or taken any measures to address them. 1 Page extract from e-news Oct 2014
December 2010 Extract on Mongolia from ACCA 2nd Report ACCA is being implemented in 12 cities and districts in Mongolia so far, and is bringing new resources and new energy to the country’s still-young community-driven savings and upgrading process. The program is being facilitated by two NGOs based in Ulaanbaatar - the Urban Development Resource Center (UDRC) and the Center for Human Rights and Development (CHRD). ACCA project Statistics. A country where the scale of problems is small enough to be actually SOLVEABLE; Coming out from behind their FENCES . . 1 page 179 Kbs
ACHR VISIT TO MONGOLIA 2005
Arif Hansan writes: The Mongolia visit was made in co-ordination with UN-ESCAP which has initiated a housing and infrastructure support programme in Ulaan-baatar. What is written below is from what I have learnt by attending the National Dialogue on Housing the Poor in Urban Economies, a site visit to government built housing barracks, a visit to a “ger” settlements in Ulaanbaatar, and discussions with government and NGO representatives and residents of the barracks and the ger housing communities.There are strong similarities between conditions in Ulaanbaatar and Almaty in Kaza- khstan where I have worked with local communities and NGOs.
8 pages, Text and photos 1.9 Mb
Mongolia Extras - Some video links
A. Videos: Enhe from UDRC has sent us You Tube links to 3 of the 4 short documentaries made for learning about Mongolia and the ACCA process and projects. Links are to You Tube
Video 1 General Intro to Mongolia 8 minutes Video 2 Small project in Tunkhel Village 10 minutes Video 3 Larger Housing Project in Tunkhel Village 10 minutes B. 2 more Videos coming soon:
1. Our Develop by Joint Efforts36:28 Mins , 2012 a film by Director Centre forHuman Rights and Development (Saving & Development)
2. Typical Life Steps30:00 Mins , 2012 a film by Mongolian National Broadcaster (MNB) (Saving & Enterprise)
All of the above (under B.) are available from ACHR on our 2013 DVD compilation.
Contact ACHR above